Anca Lavinia Cianga, Ana Maria Laura Buga, Anca Adam Raileanu, Tudor Ilie Lazaruc, Roxana Alexandra Bogos, Georgiana Scurtu, Laura Stefana Galatanu, Dragos Catalin Ghica, Maria Adriana Mocanu
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a bacterium that colonizes the gastric mucosa and which is known for its ability to survive in the acidic environment of the stomach, thanks to its unique spiral shape and the presence of multiple flagella. Thus, H. pylori infection may present under the shape of multiple clinical entities and understanding its various facets is crucial for effective diagnosis and treatment. The importance of H. pylori infection in children lies in its potential to cause significant morbidity and long-term complications. This article aims to provide an overview of the importance of H. pylori infection in children, including its epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and treatment. Through a better understanding of this common infection, healthcare providers can work towards improving the diagnosis and management of H. pylori infection in children, ultimately improving the long-term health outcomes of affected individuals.